Regular Palanquins

Palanquin on Display

A Palanquin is a man powered vehicle that can carry one to three passengers at a time. It usually takes either two or four men to carry the vehicle around.

Old Palanquin with bearers

Palanquins originated in India, but made their way all over Asia and even into Western Culture. In China, usually only wealthier people could afford to be taken around in a palanquin.

Click here for an article entirely about Palanquins. This article includes different pictures of different style palanquins as well.

Click here for in depth look at palanquins, including their origin, how they spread across the globe, traditions, etc.

Flower Sitting Chair (Bridal Chair)

Plain Bridal Sedan Chair

Perhaps the most important palanquin in the Chinese culture was the flower sitting chair. A flower sitting chair (known today as a bridal sedan chair) was responsible for taking the bride to her wedding.

Decorated Bridal Sedan Chair

Bridal Sedan Chairs were usually decorated in red, and with beautiful silks. The silks were embroidered with different designs, which symbolized various meanings for a long and happy marriage.

Click here for more pictures of bridal sedan chairs as well a brief overview on what they are.

Click here for a more in depth look at bridal sedan chairs.

Click here for a story on how bridal sedan chairs became a Chinese tradition.

Suzhuo Silk

Suzhou Silk

Suzhou, China, also known as The Silk Capital of China, is famous for its silks. For over 3000 years, Suzhou has been making beautiful silks that are known all over the world.

A woman embroidering a Suzhou Silk

Perhaps what precedes the Silk Capital is not the silk itself, but the fine embroidery that goes into each and every silk. Suzhou embroidery is beautiful, and each and every design looks like a painting on a canvas instead of a design on fabric.

Suzhou Silk Museum

There is a Suzhou silk museum that is a popular tourist attraction of China. Many travel to see the origin of Suzhou silk and how it is made.

Click here for a brief history on Suzhou Silks as well as an introduction on how embroidering takes place
Click here to learn more about silk embroidery, including some techniques used.
Click here for galleries displaying many beautifully embroidered Suzhou Silks
Click here to learn more about the Suzhou Silk Museum.

Chinese Fans

Chinese Fans have had up to 4000 years of history in China. They have developed from tools to block out the sun, to cooling a person, and to work of arts. China was even known as the “Kingdom of the Fans.” Many of the fans were imported to Japan, England, and the U.S. Click here to learn more.

Chinese Embroidery

The Art of Commonly known as “xiuhua” (embroidering flowers), embroidery is an art craft performed by using needle and colored thread. Chinese Embroidery has been a part of China since its existence. It began when Chinese people first wove silk from silkworms. It has developed into the art we know today as embroidery. Click here to learn more.


The Bacteria: Salmonella Typhi

Typhoid (known commonly as Typhoid Fever) is a disease spread from contaminated food or water. It is usually caused from a bacteria called Salmonella typhi. Typhoid is a fatal disease, and if not treated with medicine, the person infect will die.

Rose Spots- A Symptom of Typhoid Fever

Typhoid is not a problem for the more industrialized countries, such as the United States, but in developing countries or countries with low sanitation, Typhoid fever is still an issue.

Typhoid is especially a problem in China, and is considered an epidemic.

Click here for the history behind Typhoid Fever
Click here to learn the cause,symptoms, treatment, and more for Typhoid
Click here for more information on Typhoid, as well as why it is a huge problem in China.

Imperial Examination


Examination Hall in Guangdong, 1873

An Imperial examination is a process where officials were examined and selected to work for the state. Different dynasties tested different ways. During Lily and Snow Flower’s time (Ming and Qing Dynasties) there were four levels to the examination process. You could not take the next exam without passing the previous one, and each exam occurred in different intervals.

Chinese Imperial Examination

The first exam was to become a Shēngyuán (also called Xiùcái) was held every year. The second was Jǔrén, which happened every three years. The third was Gòngshì, and the final level was Jìnshì, which happened every three years.

Authentic Exam Papers

The Imperial Examination process was dismissed in 1911.

Click here for a brief overview on the Imperial Examination.

Click here for more information on the Imperial Examination, as well as other elements such as it’s influence, it’s demise and legacy, and more.

Click here to learn more about the Museum of the Imperial Examination located in China.

Click here for an in depth look into the Imperial Examination.

The Book of Rites

One fundamental piece of information that needed to be learned was the Book of Rites. The Book of Rites is an anthology of articles written by Confucian scholars to criticize and interpret the book named “Etiquette and Ceremonials.” It is considered one of the “Five Classics of Confucianism.” It’s main function is to explain the etiquette code of the Pre-Qin period. Also it “elaborates many profound ideas on study, education, life, metal and physical cultivation which are still inspiring and thought-provoking to the modern people.”

Nu Shu

In Chinese, Nu Shu literally means “Women’s Writing” that developed in Jiangyong county of Hunan province. This secret writing was developed because in the traditional Chinese culture, which was male centered, prohibited females from obtaining proper education. Some of the characters were derived from the Chinese language while most were invented by women. The writing looks more cursive and thinner compared to traditional Chinese writing.

Click here to discover the world of Nu Shu by one of the world’s experts, Endo Orie.
Click here to read an article by Cathy Sibler, a Nu Shu expert.
Click here to read an article about Ford Foundation funding a Nu Shu Museum in Jiangyong, China.
Click here to read about Nu Shu with provided articles.
Click here to read about the discovery of Nu Shu and the importance of recording women’s feelings.
Click here to read Nu Shu, “Women Who Found A Way Creating A Women’s Language.”
Click here to read briefly about Nu Shu.
Click here to read an article The Forbidden Tongue.
Click here to read a webcast about Nu Shu.

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